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"Little Barbies" Sex Trafficking of Young Girls in America

Children are being “ targeted and sold for sex  in America every day".  John Ryan, National Center for Missing & Expl...

mercoledì 7 settembre 2016

Human Trafficking a $5-6 Billion Global Trade

child prostitutes of Costa Rica

Interpol estimates that human trafficking earns between $5-6 billion a year, said EFE today.

The United Nations Fund for Children said in a statement today that an estimated 500,000 children used traffickers to reach Europe over the past year and a half, reported EFE today.
Meanwhile, the United States Department of States placed Costa Rica on its Tier 2 Watch List for the second consecutive year, stated the U.S. State Department in their 2016 Trafficking in Persons Report published on their website.
The State Department annually ranks countries on their complicance with the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA). Tier 1 countries have full compliance, and TVPA Tier 3 countries do not comply with minimum standards and are not making an effort to do so.
According to this year’s State Department report on Costa Rica:
Costa Rica is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to sex trafficking and forced laborCosta Rican women and children are subjected to sex trafficking within the country, with those living in the north and central Pacific coastal zones being particularly vulnerable. Authorities have identified adults using children to transport or sell drugs; some of these children may be trafficking victims. There are a significant number of transgender Costa Ricans in the commercial sex industry who are vulnerable to sex trafficking. Costa Rican victims of sex and labor trafficking were identified in The Bahamas and Guatemala during the reporting period. Women and girls from Nicaragua, the Dominican Republic, and other Latin American countries have been identified in Costa Rica as victims of sex trafficking and domestic servitude.”
And across the Atlantic, UNICEF spokeswoman Sarah Crowe explained that nearly 590,000 minors have filed an application for asylum in the European Union in the past 18 months.
The estimate is based on data from Europol, Interpol and information from other U.N. agencies.
100,000 of these asylum applications were filed by unaccompanied children, although Crowe added that the figure is likely higher because of the different registration systems in countries.
Given this figure and the fact that Europol-Interpol believes that 90 percent of journeys made by refugees in Europe is done with the help of traffickers.

Human Trafficking a $5-6 Billion Global Trade Wendy Anders September 2, 2016

The child prostitutes of Costa Rica Isabel Soto Mayedo

The Business of Child Sexual Abuse 1 giugno 2016

Zunduri, a survivor of slavery in Mexico City, says the psychological and emotional healing is the most difficult part of rebuilding her life.

"There is no part of my body without scars," Zunduri, an escaped Mexican slave told the Thomson Reuters Foundation in an interview.

Zunduri escaped from her captors at a laundry service in Mexico City in 2015 after enduring more than five years of beatings, torture, humiliation, starvation, and forced labor in chains
Her case shot into the international spotlight and become a hallmark of the ongoing problems of modern-day slavery and human trafficking in Mexico.  
She says health professionals have counted more than 600 scars covering the breadth and width of her body, the accumulation of beatings, abysmal living conditions, and torture, such as being burned with a hot iron. Zunduri was forced to work for up to 20 hours a day ironing clothes at the dry cleaner while her five captors kept her chained.
Her alleged captors now face trial, an important step toward justice and transitional healing for Zunduri. Human trafficking charges could land them in prison for up to 30 years.
I was an animal to them,” she told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. "I want them to pay for everything I have had to suffer."
An estimated 376,800 people live in a state of modern slavery in Mexico, more than any other country in the Americas, according to the 2016 Global Slavery Index. The statistic represents nearly 0.3 percent of the country’s population of 127 million people, up from an estimated 0.22 percent of 266,900 people in slavery in the nation in 2014.
According to the U.S. State Department 2016 Trafficking in Persons Report, Mexico is a source, destination, and transit country in human trafficking, and victims are forced into sex work or labor in agricultural, domestic, manufacturing, and other sectors, as well as informal economy jobs like begging. Children, women, Indigenous people, migrants, people with disabilities, and LGBTI individuals are most vulnerable as potential victims of human trafficking. Prosecution of captors is often uneven, with just 2 percent of cases convicted last year.
Fear among survivors to identify themselves as victims of trafficking and slavery is one of the reasons that Zunduri has decided to speak up and raise awareness about the problem and the challenges of reintegrating into society after suffering physical, emotional, and psychological, trauma in captivity.
“It's a long process for the physical scars to heal and disappear,” she said. “But the main scar is the one I have in my soul, in my heart, and in my mind.”

Mexico’s slavery survivors defy stigma on road to recovery Reuters | Bogota | September 5, 2016

Escaped Mexican Slave Speaks out on Gross Trafficking Abuses 5 September 2016

Raped 43.000 times 13 NOVEMBRE 2015

SEX TRAFFICKING CARTELS Violentata da 43.000 uomini 23 APRILE 2015

PIMP CITY Sex Trafficking in Tenancingo 26 APRILE 2015


Human Trafficking An Inhumane Trade 16 GIUGNO 2013

The average age of a sex trafficking victim is between 12 and 14.
“The life expectancy for these people is seven years,” Thresa Lawson, Waco family practitioner, said.
Sex trafficking is often mistaken as a third-world country issue. But it is happening here.
“This is actually surprisingly common in our communities,” Lawson said.
The complicated, underground system makes it difficult to identify victims.
“Our nurses are generally the front line to identify some of these victims,” Lawson said.
In May Lawson and Waco family practitioner Stephanie Claus spoke to school nurses from across Texas at the 2016 School Nurse Conference at the Frank W. Mayborn Civic and Convention Center. Sex trafficking was one of the topics.
Both Lawson and Claus also work with UnBound Waco, a nonprofit organization dedicated to ending human trafficking. Human trafficking is a multi-billion dollar industry, Claus said.
One of their main goals is prevention.
So they offer professional training to schools, juvenile detention centers and medical professionals.
“We try to help raise awareness of this problem, what it looks like and what we can do about it,” Lawson said.
The emotional and physical impact of sex trafficking can quickly advance short-term issues into long-term health problems.
Lawson said every month they receive several calls about girls who have been identified as trafficking victims.
“We work to help find them places to go so they can receive restorative care … and bring hope to these girls.”
Identifying and helping sex trafficking victims
“I naively thought that sex trafficking was something that occurred in the Third World countries,” Lawson, said. “I soon learned that this atrocity is something that we face in America.”
Lawson, who has been a nurse practitioner for 34 years, said she became aware of sex trafficking after working with a clinic that provided care to refugees that entered the country and refugee asylums.
“And 87 percent of victims of trafficking will at some point interface with a medical provider,” Lawson said.
She said nurses need to be aware of the “tell-tale signs” to identify these victims.
“Often times they (victims) become a commodity for this trafficker that owns them,” Lawson said.
Other identifiers include specific tattoos — such as barcodes — that are marked on traffickers’ bodies.
“So it’s just like when we go to the store and scan an item,” Lawson said. “This young lady is now identified as she is nothing more than a piece to be sold. What an atrocity that we have that in America.”
Lawson told school nurses to be aware of changes in a student’s demeanor.
“Be aware of new clothes, new demeanors or lack of academic aptitude and realize there could be something triggering this and something more going on here,” Lawson said.
Trust your gut, Lawson told nurses, and don’t be judgmental.
In the event you encounter a victim in your clinic, Lawson said, make it a safe place and talk to them about sex trafficking. She said victims often visit clinics with chaperones, because they’re not allowed to speak for themselves.
Lawson said there is a National Human Trafficking Hotline people can call even if they are not 100 percent sure they have identified a victim.
“You just have to have that inkling of an idea,” Lawson said.
Victims receive legal aid, health care, and are placed in a safe house so they can also receive job training.
“And hopefully be integrated back into their family,” Lawson said.
The health risks
Basic health care and immunizations are uncommon for sex trafficking victims.
Condoms are seldom used, Lawson said.
She said victims often experience abusive sex and are left with bruises, cuts and burns from their traffickers.
Part of control is to physically abuse them,” Lawson said.
Many of the female victims are kept in small, unaccommodating places called “stables” where they must meet with 10 to 30 customers a night.
“They may carry an STD for many years without seeking health care,” Lawson said.
A majority of sexually transmitted diseases are asymptomatic and can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease if left undiagnosed, she said.
She said many times proper health care is skipped including for pregnancies and abortions.
“Some of these abortions are actually at the hands of some of their traffickers,” Lawson said.
Traffickers are likely to abuse drugs since they are introduced to them as a way to cope with the trauma.
“They are given drugs to make them feel good or to be able to stay up all night long,” Lawson said. “Then they have to have something during the day that can help them deal with the lifestyle that they find themselves in.”
They can suffer from acute withdrawal symptoms or overdose.
Trauma, anxiety and depression affects 90 percent of sex trafficking victims, Lawson said.
Mental health issues include post traumatic stress syndrome, psychosis, dissociative identity disorder, which used to be referred to as multiple personality disorder. Memory loss has also been noted as a health risk.
Staying aware to identify victims
Lawson said it is hard to identify victims when busy clinics only focus on chief complaints.
Lawson said young victims will not self-identify because they are fearful — many of whom are in the country illegally and are threatened by traffickers to be sent back.
“I will never forget the one young lady who walked into the room and the chief complaint on her chart was a right ear pain,” Lawson. “When I went to lift her hair back I saw the handprints around her neck.”
Lawson said “trauma bonding” can happen. This is when a sex trafficking victim begins to feel sympathy and empathy toward their captor as a coping mechanism to adapt to their lifestyle.
“So we have found they will not squeal on their trafficker,” Lawson said.
Lawson said some will feel like they are deserving of their situation because they ran away from home or answered “that Facebook message.”
School nurses learn from conference
Charlotte Smith, health services coordinator for Belton ISD, said she was not aware of how many cases existed in the area until attending the school nurse conference in May.
“I learned that it was a bigger problem than I imagined for our region,” she said.
Smith, who has worked with BISD for the past five years, said she has not had any human trafficking cases go through her office.
She said since the conference she now has useful resources and emergency hotline information at her fingertips.
“If we do have a question, right away we know where to go,” Smith said.
Smith said the district utilizes electronic health records that codes specific reason for each visit so the nursing staff can keep track of their students’ health complaints.
“So if we believe it might be a stomach ache, but we are picking up on something emotional or psychological, then we will put a code in there,” she said.
She said the second they have the slightest inkling something is wrong they will contact the appropriate agency.
“We have the capability of running reports by student or by teacher,” Smith said. “At the end of last year I ran a report that gave me the number of visits per student … and it will tell me that Johnny had 754. Mary had 200. Then that helps us to know if we are seeing some trends here.”
The National Human Trafficking Resource Center: 888-373-7888
UnBound Hotline: 254-230-0872
The Victims Center Hotline: 254-752-7233
To make a CPS Report: 800-252-5400

Group walks to raise awareness of human trafficking Meghan Bunchman September 03, 2016

The emotional, physical toll of human trafficking September 3, 2016 CRYSTAL DOMINGUEZ

      Community Brainstorming Meeting Brings Awareness to Milwaukee’s Growing Sex Trafficking Problem SEPTEMBER 3, 2016 Karen Stokes 

      The Changemaker Samantha Willis September 4, 2016

      Human trafficking, child sex exploitation in Utah 15 luglio 2016

      Sex Trafficking in USA 7 SETTEMBRE 2015

      Sex Slavery in America 15 OTTOBRE 2015

      The Abolitionists: Human Trafficking In America MAY 15, 2016

      Human Trafficking is one inconvenient truth that India can't get brush underneath the carpet anymore. Each year, lakhs of Indians, be it women, girls, boys and even grown men get trafficked within as well as outside the country.
      But a big chunk of human trafficking happens to keep the sex trade alive in other counties and India has become a big source for supply of women for this trade; especially for the countries in middle east.
      Be it 12-year-old Assamese girl recently rescued by Delhi Police from a red light area or the girl rescued from Saudi Arabia in 2013 who spent eight horrifying years in Middle East as a sex slave, the story is more or less the same as Assam grapples with issue.
      The recent National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) data 2015 shows that Assam has emerged as the trafficking hub of the country. With 1494 cases, the state accounts for whopping  22% of the total reported cases of trafficking across  the country.
      It's not that only women are  being trafficked from Assam, Assam also accounts for highest number of cases of child trafficking. A total of 1317 cases were recorded in last one year which accounts for  a staggering 38 percent of the figures collected from across the country.
      The figures present a disturbing picture. But the situation on the ground could be far worse as many cases of trafficking go unreported.
      “The NCRB figures are only of those which have been reported to the police and FIRs registered. The actual number of trafficking cases in Assam would be much higher,”  Digambar Narzary, chairperson of Nedan Foundation was quoted in HT.
      According to Narzary, the helpline of the NGO which operates in 8 districts of Lower Assam, records 4-5 cases of missing children and adults every day.
      Recurring floods, militancy, poverty, lack of employment avenues lead many victims and their families to succumb to the lure of traffickers who promise a better future away from the state.

      With Nearly 1500 Reported Cases In 2015, Assam Is The New Hub Of Human Trafficking In India Maninder Dabas September 6, 2016

      Among hill states, U’khand top in number of human trafficking cases 
    • Dehradun

      Special agency needed to protect Indian children from traffickers Anuradha Nagaraj Sep 5, 2016 

      Human chain against human-trafficking in no man’s land  September 5, 2016 Arjun Oli

      A scene from Sk!n. Photo: Darshen Chelliah

      A provocative, experiential Malaysian production set in a shipping container will thrust Adelaide audiences into the horrifying world of human trafficking during this month’s OzAsia Festival.

      Sk!n, a physical theatre work presented by Malaysian performance company TerryandTheCuz in association with Melbourne-based choreographer Ashley Dyer, draws on the real experiences of refugees, asylum seekers and other victims of trafficking.
      It seeks to draw attention to a problem affecting millions of people around the world.
      Audiences members may feel slightly uncomfortable during the performance, but as TerryandTheCuz and Dyer explain below, it doesn’t come close to reality.

      SK!N is said to thrust audiences into the world of human trafficking – what can people expect to experience during the performance?

      Nothing that happens during the performance truly resembles the experiences and difficulties faced by those affected by forced migration and human trafficking. These people are deceived at every turn, threatened and abused sexually, physically and mentally, stripped of their dignity, commodified, and made to feel less than human.
      By contrast, our artwork offers gentle, analogous experiences that are more aimed at agitating the audience’s imagination and inspiring self-critical reflection and empathy than replicating the horrendous, relentlessly uncertain, dehumanising treatment these people face.
      During our show, audiences may be made to feel slightly uncomfortable, embarrassed, disempowered, cheated or objectified.
      We do this to provoke questioning: Why are some of us fortunate enough to be able to travel freely across borders, to reside or work almost wherever we’d like to, when others can’t?  What rights do we feel entitled to and should they be afforded others?  What are our collective responsibilities to one another? How and why do we psychologically distance ourselves from the plight of others?  And what are the limits of what we are willing to do help?
      The work is experiential, but the audience members are never asked to pretend to be victims in the show. They are never asked to be more than themselves and be open to introspection.

      Presenting the work in a shipping container obviously adds to the impact …

      Our shipping container is largely a poetic device. A shipping container is a vessel used for transporting goods, objects and things that are traded, bought and sold.
      It is rare that people are smuggled or trafficked within actual containers. Most often, they come by more mundane and everyday modes of transport: foot, motorbike, car, van, mini-bus, train, boat or plane (in Malaysia, at least).
      Our use of a shipping container speaks to the dehumanising commodification of people; the reduction of the person to a body, of an individual to an economic good.

      What can you tell us about the choreography and the way in which the performance is presented?

      When we created the choreography we referred to it as a process of translation.  In all translations something is gained and something is lost.  Our choices don’t speak to any singular person’s journey.  It also tries not to conflate all journeys into one, nor pin down any particular comment about migration politics and very complicated situations.
      What dancing does best, in this situation, is spark the imagination and evoke a visceral connection with another body.  At times the dancing might be read as being about trafficking or migration issues; at other times it embodies the first-world fears of mass migration.  It’s intended to be very open to interpretation.
      At the heart of human trafficking is migration politics.  Migration is about free movement, restricted movement and forced movement, and so is much of the dancing.
      The audience is divided into groups and at different moments within the work they split up from one and other.  Not everyone gets the same experience; each group only ever gets a partial account of the performance.  We consciously try to split up friends and family, so this is more evident.
      At the end of the work, when they all return and the groups are reunited, there’s a very informal space created for audience members to share their differing experiences and ask questions.
      In Malaysia this was augmented by the presence of real refugees or people who had been affected by forced migration and human trafficking, and a UNHCR (United Nations High Commission for Refugees) photographic exhibition.

      During development of the show, you met with people who were victims of human trafficking.  What type of experiences had they had?

      Over the last two years we have worked closely with our community partner Tenaganita (a leading human rights NGO in Malaysia), with whom we have organised interviews, workshops and meetings with people who had been or who were still being trafficked.
      Some of those were exploited foreign migrant workers, recruited under false pretenses and then subjected to forced labour or sex work.  Many were refugees from Myanmar who, fleeing genocide, were trapped in camps at the Thai border, beaten, raped, deprived of food and/or forced to ask their families for bounties for their freedom.
      We also met with numerous refugees and asylum seekers, many of whom had been imprisoned or detained by the Malaysian Government.
      Where necessary, or appropriate, our partners provided us with translators, counselling services and support for the participants.  In the main our sessions were research-focused, enjoyable and fun.

      Given the sensitivity surrounding the subject at the heart of the work, what challenges did you face in creating SK!N?

      Those most affected in Malaysia are directly voiceless – they rely on advocacy groups such as Tenaganita to speak on their behalf. This is largely because under Malaysian law, refugees have the same status as illegal immigrants; they are subject to arrest, detention and deportation.
      For us, in our process, this meant that consistent access to individuals for workshops/rehearsals or even in performance couldn’t be guaranteed.  It was too dangerous for them.
      As artists, we know that we will never understand what these people have been through.  We are not refugees. We are not victims of trafficking. We are middle-class citizens. We have rights based on our citizenship that we believe we’re entitled to. We feel compelled to help in ways that we can.  But is this enough?
      We feel that in part this is the story that we can tell.  The work is as much about how we, the privileged, relate to this issue, as the issue itself.  We do this in the hope that our work will then create the space for people far more expert than us, NGOs or victims, to explain their own situation.

      What do you hope to achieve through presenting the work and touring it around the world?

      There are currently 60 million people forcibly displaced around the world.  Of the 60 million, 15.1 million are refugees: an increase of 4.7 million, or 45 per cent, from 2011.  Worse still, in 2014 only 126,800 were able to return to their home countries – the lowest number in 31 years.
      World crises are not being resolved and continue to generate new displacement.
      In fear, people seek any means possible to preserve or improve the lives of themselves and their families – including turning to people smugglers and human traffickers fuelling the skin trade.
      The plight of these people should not be ignored. Where are they supposed to go?  If they return to their home, they face death or continued oppression.
      Although our work is focused on the situation in Malaysia, the problems are trans-national ones. Our aim is to promote a culture where equality and human rights for all are embraced, valued and protected. It is also to inform people about rights violations against migrants and refugees.
      Most importantly, by the end of our five-year journey we will have worked with many different NGOs and human rights organisations around the world, forming what we hope will be a formidable network of agencies and people who have dedicated their lives to combating this pandemic.

      Audiences confronted with the horror of human trafficking September 06, 2016

      Child Sexual Abuse in Malaysia 1 settembre 2016

      “TrafficKing” AUGUST 21, 2016

      Human Trafficking in Thailand, Nepal, Cambodia, India MAY 6, 2015

      Human Trafficking in Colombia SEPTEMBER 10, 2015

      Trafficking of Minors in the Philippines 16 AGOSTO 2015

      THE STORM MAKERS Trafficking in Cambodia SEPTEMBER 1, 2015

      TraffickCam, l'app contro il traffico sessuale di bambini 9 luglio 2016

      Global Slavery Index 2016 JUNE 2, 2016

      World Day Against Human Trafficking 31 luglio 2016

      Increasing number of children forced into slavery MAY 21, 2016

      Children used as sex slaves – report 4 luglio 2016

      Prostitution and Rape Culture 16 MAGGIO 2016

      The Globalization of Human Trade and Modern Day Slavery 3 GENNAIO 2015

      The Booming Global Economy of Sex Slaves 20 LUGLIO 2015

      Human Trafficking: the fastest-growing criminal enterprise in the world 6 MAGGIO 2016

      Rape Culture in Nigeria 6 SETTEMBRE 2016

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